Mol Imaging Biol. 2018 Apr;20(2):300-308.
HER3 (ERBB3) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that is implicated in treatment resistance across multiple cancers, including those of the breast, lung, and prostate. Overexpression of HER3 following targeted therapy can occur rapidly and heterogeneously both within a single lesion and across sites of metastasis, making protein quantification by biopsy highly challenging. A global, non-invasive methodology such as positron emission tomography (PET) imaging can permit serial quantification of HER3, providing a useful approach to monitor HER3 expression across the entire tumor burden both prior to and following treatment. PET imaging of HER3 expression may permit a more personalized approach to targeted therapy by allowing for detection of HER3-mediated resistance, in addition to informing clinical trial patient selection for novel therapies targeting HER3.